1099 R Form for 2020 Tax Year Instructions

1099 R Form for 2020 tax year Instructions: Are you a payment beneficiary? Then you may receive Form 1099 R in late January or in the starting month of February. An individual may receive a 1099 R Form when he/she is a retiree or payment beneficiary. This Form indicates how many distributions an individual received during a tax year.

Getting confused? Don’t worry! We will let you know about instructions to file the 1099 R Form for the tax year 2020. We also provide the main purpose of issuing, important boxes of the form, and common distribution codes. Also, check out the 1099 R Form for 2020 tax year Instructions in the below article.

Table of Contents

1099 R Form for 2020 Tax Year Instructions

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Purpose of 1099 R Form for 2021 tax year

As we know 1099 R Form one among IRS 1099 series and issued whenever an individual receives a distribution in retirement income. Therefore, the major purpose of Form 1099 R is to report the distributions for the year that exceed $10 from the following types of accounts to the IRS.

Traditional and Roth IRAs

A traditional IRA and Roth IRA are among the most valuable retirement saving opportunities. Roth IRA distributions can be taken from the principal and tax-free. Traditional IRA distribution taken from principal subject to taxes in the year you take them. In addition to this, the individual must begin taking required minimum distributions after they reach the age of 72.


A pension can fund into which a sum of money added during an individual earning. When an individual takes a distribution from the pension or retirement plan, the distributions reports to the IRS using the 1099 R Form.


Generally, annuities are insurance contracts and a series of payments made at equal intervals. When an individual takes a distribution from annuities, then the individual receives IRS Form 1099 R.

Key information on 1099 R

Given below are the key boxes which provide information about:

Gross distribution amount

Box 1 used to report the gross distribution amount. The gross distribution amount the total amount distributed before any income taxes are withheld. Along with this, it reports amounts that are directly rolled over, converted, or recharacterized.

Taxable portion

Box 2a indicates the taxable portion of the distribution. In some situations, IRA custodians may not keep a track of an IRA owner’s nondeductible contributions. With the help of box 2a, an individual can identify how much amount taxable from the gross distribution.

Federal income tax withheld

Box 4 determines Federal taxes withheld for a tax year. Also, any amount withheld and sent to the IRS as a prepayment of tax will report in this box.

Distribution codes

Box 7 provides information about distribution codes. With help of distribution codes, the IRS can easily identify the reason for the distribution.

IRS Form 1099 E file

Printable 1099 R Form most common distribution codes

1099 R Form distribution codes alert the IRS about the taxable distributions and are subject to 10% early distribution penalty taxes. Given below the most common distribution codes:

Codes Uses of Distribution code
1 This code used when an individual receives the distribution before the age of 59 ½ with no exceptions to the 10% early distribution tax.
2 Use this code when an individual receives the distribution before the age of 59 ½ with an exception of 10% early distribution tax when directly converted to a Roth IRA.
3 When an individual meets the IRS’s definition of disability use this distribution code.
4 Distributions made to a beneficiary after the account owner’s death are reported using this code.
5 Use this distribution code when the transaction prohibited.
7 Use this code when the distribution given to an individual who has reached the age of 59 ½ and is no longer subjected to 10% early distribution tax.
8 When a distribution made to correct an excess contribution made in the same year in which it is distributed using this code.

When do you receive multiple Form 1099 R?

An individual may receive multiple 1099 R Forms before the age of 59 ½ and after the age of 59 ½. For instance, in the tax year 2020, you have turned 59 ½, then you will receive two 1099 R Forms. As per the IRS guidelines, it requires to identify and distinguish the payments made to an individual under 59 ½ and over 59 ½ age. Also, each Form 1099 R an individual receives different which reports the different distribution you received.

One Form will reflect the summary of the amount for the months that an individual was under the age of 59 ½ along with distribution code 2 in box 7 of the form. The other 1099 R Form reflects the amount totals for the months in which you turn 59 ½ along with the distribution code 7 in box 7 of the tax form.

Form 1099 R Due Date for 2020 Tax Year

1099 R Tax Form due to the recipient by February 1st, 2021 for the distributions made in the 2020 tax year. Also, Report the distributions made from profit-sharing plans, retirement plans to the IRS by issuing Copy A of the Form by March 1st, 2021 through paper forms. Moreover, E-file Form 1099 R Copy A to the IRS by March 31st, 2021 IRS.

What subjects to Form 1099 R penalties?

The payers may be subject to the risk of 1099 R penalties if:

  • They fail to include machine-readable paper forms.
  • Paper filing returns when required to file electronically.
  • Also, failing to include all the required filing information.
  • Information or data entered in the form incorrect.
  • Also, failing to report Taxpayer Identification Number.
  • Reporting an incorrect TIN of the payee.
  • Also, failing to file tax return form within the due date.

Hence, an individual can avoid penalties imposed by the IRS by following the above measures when filing 1099 tax returns forms. Also, the IRS imposes heavy and hefty penalties for the fraudulent filing of 1099 tax returns.

File Form 1099 R online with Form 1099 online by creating a new account or logging in to the existing account. We are an IRS-authorized e-file provider with which the information secured with our upgraded security software.

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